Newark (New Jersey)
Newark is a city in New Jersey. Newark's main tourist attractions are the Newark Liberty International Airport, one of the most important airports in the New York Metropolitan Area. Newark is also the largest city in the state of New Jersey.
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Before European colonization, the area belonged to the Hackensack, a tribe of Lenni Lenape. Newark was founded in 1666 by puritan settlers from New Haven (Connecticut). The name is probably derived from Newark-on-Trent in Nottinghamshire, England. This original settlement was located at today's junction of Broad Street and Market Street, the Four Corners. The first theocratic character of the strictly religious colony was soon lost by the arrival of other settlers with different religious beliefs.
In 1836 Newark became the town's right. From that time on, the city grew rapidly. It became an important center of industry and goods handling, the latter being greatly facilitated by the railway connection with New York City, which was opened in 1869. The brewery industry played an important role, such as breweries P. Ballantine & Sons (once the third largest brewery in the USA) and Krueger (the first producer of canned beer). In the second half of the 19th century, many immigrants from various European countries, including Germany and Italy, moved to the booming industrial city. A large Jewish community also emerged. In the 1860s, the population exceeded 100,000. Since many buildings were built in brick at that time, Newark is named "The Brick City". The Newark Technical School was founded in 1885 and was the source of the current New Jersey Institute of Technology.
Newark's importance as a transport center was reinforced by the construction of the huge port of Port Newark-Elizabeth in 1920 (sometimes the largest container port in the world) and the opening of the airport in 1928. Another nickname of the city speaks for this: ‘The Gateway City’
From the middle of the 20th century, Newark - like many major cities in the US - experienced a "White Flight", i.e. (h) A large proportion of the population of European origin moved to the suburbs on the outskirts of the city, while African-Americans and Latinos were increasingly concentrated in the actual urban area. This was compounded by the riots in the summer of 1967, which terrified and displaced many middle-class members. Between 1950 and 2000, the population shrank by 38%. Many neighborhoods impoverished. Since the 1990s, however, there has been a strong revitalization of the inner city. Cultural offerings at the New Jersey Performing Arts Center and sporting events at the Prudential Center make the city attractive for the middle class. Since 2000, the population has increased slightly. But one-third of the city's population is still poor by US standards. About half of the population are African-Americans, about one-third of Latin Americans (mainly Puertorians) and 12% are non-Hispanic whites.
Philip Roth, one of the most important American writers of the 20th and early 21st century, was born and raised in Newark. Most of his novels play in the city.
The largest Newark-based companies include the insurance group Prudential Financial, the audio book provider Audible and the North America headquarters of the Japanese technology group Panasonic.
Newark is the site of (IATA: EEA)which is next to John F. Kennedy International Airport is the most important international airport in the New York Metropolitan Area. Manhattan can be reached from here much faster than JFK Airport. Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark is mainly a hub of United Airlines, which provides connections to/from Berlin, Frankfurt, Geneva, Munich, Zurich and almost every airport in the USA. The most frequent domestic flights are to/from Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Chicago, and intercontinental connections with London.
A bus ride from here to Manhattan, preferably Port Authority Bus Terminal, takes about half an hour and costs $16 per person (2015). Alternatively the train can be taken. From Newark Int'l Airport, both the Northeast Corridor Line and the North Jersey Corridor Line take you to Penn Station, NY (journey time 25-30 minutes, price 13 $). More information can be found on the New Jersey Transit pages. With the Amtrak trains Northeast Regional or Keystone Service you can also get directly from from Trenton (30-40 minutes), Philadelphia (1 hour), Wilmington DE or Stamford CT (1½ hours each), New Haven or Baltimore (2:20 hours each). airport
If you want to rent a car directly at the airport to drive a little over land, you can land in Newark, as car rental in New Jersey is much cheaper than in New York. Also, you don't have to go through the entire city on this road. If you go west, you often save an hour's drive in this way.
Long-distance trains of Amtrak stop at both (NWK) in the city center as well as directly at the airport (see above). Newark is located on the busy Northeastern Corridor Boston-New York-Philadelphia-Washington DC. From New York Penn Station you take 15-20 minutes, from Philadelphia about an hour, from Washington Acela Express high-speed train about 2½ hours, from Regional three hours, from Boston between four and five hours depending on the type of train. Newark Penn Station
Newark is connected to the New Jersey Transit System by public transport. There are regular connections with Manhattan (New York Penn Station), Hoboken, Elizabeth, Jersey Shore (Point Pleasant Beach, Asbury Park), Raritan Valley, Gladstone (Somerset County), Morristown, Montclair and Hackettstown.
The PATH (Port Authority Trans-Hudson) is a metro/high-rise connecting Newark to Jersey City and the World Trade Center in Manhattan's Financial District. He stops at the Penn Station in Newark
On the street
NJ Transit operates public transport in Newark. There is the Newark Light Rail with two lines and 10 km of tracks, a kind of city railway that runs partly above and partly underground. There are city buses.
Newark is quite pedestrian-friendly for American conditions. Especially in the Central Business District and the adjacent areas of Ironbound, University Heights and Seventh Avenue (between Broadway and Branch Brook Park) you can walk through most of the paths.
- 89 Ridge Street. The huge neo-Gothic cathedral of Newark, the Catholic Archbishop, built in 1899-1954, is the fifth largest cathedral in North America and a major attraction of the city. Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart,
- The 5.6 km long steel-covered motorway bridge connects Newark to Jersey City. She crosses both the Passaic and the Hackensack River as well as the New Jersey Meadowlands wetlands. Inaugurated in 1932, it was named after the Independence War general Casimir Pulaski and is a landmark of Newark and New Jersey respectively. Pulaski Skyway.
- Newark Penn Station), Raymond Plaza West/Market Street. The station building is not only a transit place but also a listed monument. It was designed by McKim, Mead & White (from which also the old Penn Station in New York came) in a mix of neoclassicism and art deco and inaugurated in 1935. In the lobby, you will see wall pavilions illustrating the history of transport. The ceiling lamps are decorated with signs of the zodiac. Pennsylvania Station (
- With 150 hectares, the largest public park in Newark. The 5000 cherry trees (18 different species), which flourish in April, are special. During this time the park is also called "Cherryblossomland" and is the scene of a large cherry blossoms festival. Branch Brook Park.
- City Park in the south of Downtown. It was built in the colonial period (18th century). The park houses the historic statues Standard of Democracy and Captive's Choice by Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen. The surrounding residential and business district is also called Lincoln Park, or "The Coast". Here you will find some listed buildings (including the impressive 18-story Lincoln Park Towers) and cultural facilities (such as Newark Symphony Hall, Newark School of the Arts). Lincoln Park.
- Down Neck) (east of Penn Station); Ferry St, Market St and Wilson Ave). Historic district east of downtown, at a bend of the Passaic River. It was created in the industrial age at the end of the 19th century in connection with the booming metal factories at the time. In addition, immigrants from all over the world, such as Germans, Italians, Lithuanians and Poles, and later Spaniards, Portuguese, Brazilians, and African-Americans, settled in from the jobs created there. They gave the neighborhood its multicultural character, reflected among other things in a variety of ethnic restaurants and special festivals and processions of the respective ethnic groups. The Ironbound (
- Multi-purpose hall with capacity for about 19,000 spectators. It serves as a home theater for New Jersey Devils (ice hockey) and Seton Hall Pirates (college basketball), large pop and rock concerts, box, MMA and wrestling matches. Prudential Center.
- New Jersey Devils. Ice hockey team at NHL. Three times the Stanley Cup winner.
- Cultural center with four concert and theater halls. The New Jersey Symphony Orchestra is playing here. New Jersey Performing Arts Center.
- 618-50 US Highway 1 & 9 South, Newark. Tel: . The hotel is quite good in the middle class (the Marriott chain), on the northern edge of the airport. airport shuttle; If it doesn't show up quickly at the airport, just take the shuttle to the SpringHill Suites by Marriott, which are located directly opposite the hotel, just 50 meters away. All units with refrigerator and microwave. sports studio and indoor pool. Breakfast included in the price. The hotel is particularly suitable for air travelers. Trying to drive it by car can easily become a hell ride, especially if you don't have a good GPS on board. The only access is a bit unfortunate because of the downhill track that would take you from US Route 1&9 (west direction) to I-78 (east direction). If you miss it, you have to drive a complicated detour of at least 6 minutes over Frontage Rd and try it again. Price: $123. Fairfield Inn & Suites Newark Liberty International Airport,
- Rutgers University-Newark), 249 University Avenue, Blumenthal Hall, Newark, NJ, 07102. One of the three main campus of New Jersey's traditional state university, with over 12,000 students. The law school and medical school are the most renowned. Rutgers University Newark (
- University Heights, Newark, NJ, 07102. University specialized in engineering and science, architecture and design with about 11,000 students. New Jersey Institute of Technology,
- 400 S Orange Ave, South Orange, NJ, 07079-2697. Seton Hall University, Traditional Catholic private university. The main campus is located a few kilometers west of the city. : is located in the center of Newark. SHU School of Law
- West Orange (9 km northwest) - laboratory and apartment of the inventor, built in 1887. Edison developed a film camera, improved phonographs, sound recordings, silent films and sound films, as well as the nickel-iron accumulator (NiFe-Batteru). Thomas Edison National Historical Park
- Elizabeth, neighboring city with a high capacity of hotel beds (12 minutes by train)
- Jersey City - the second largest city in New Jersey (14 km east; 15 minutes by PATH)
- - the large football stadium (over 80,000 seats) where the New York Giants and the New York Jets play their home games is 14 km north-west of Newark MetLife Stadium
- New York City - the world's metropolis can be reached in 25-30 minutes by train